Indian Government has introduced a completely New Education Policy 2020 on the 29th of July. The Union Cabinet has approved this New Education Policy 2020. This New Education Policy 2020 aims to ” India a Global Knowledge Superpower “. Now as a Student I feel something positive and negative about this NEP 2020.
Positive points to be considered in New Education Policy 2020:
## Pre-School – 12th:
1. Flexible Subject Options:
In India previously after the 10th Board, one student has to choose between Science, Arts or Humanities and Commerce only. There are specific subjects allotted for each stream, with language subjects like:
- The major subjects covered under the Science stream are: Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics, Biotechnology, Computer Science, etc.
- The major subjects covered under the Arts stream are: History, Geography, Political Science, Psychology, Sociology, Sanskrit, etc.
- The major subjects covered under the Commerce stream are: Accountancy, Economics, Business Studies, Economics, Mathematics, Informatics Practices, etc.
Now after the New Education Policy 2020 Students can have the flexibility to choose around any subject they want. This means one can pursue a career in history along with physics, or Chemistry with Economics, which is a very good move or thought. This type of policy is already implemented in some foreign education systems like in Germany, the US, etc.
2. 10+2 structure evolved into 5+3+3+4:
We all know the previous system nothing to say.
Now four stage education structure is introduced where there are particular ages and classes for each stage such as:
- Foundational Stage ( total 5 years ): Age 3-6 – Pre-School, Age 6-8 – Class 1 & 2
- Preparatory Stage ( total 3 years ): Age 8-11 – Class 3,4,5 Play, Discovery, and activity-based and interactive teaching
- Middle Stage ( total 3 years ): Age 11-14 – Class 6,7,8, Experiential learning in the sciences, mathematics, humanities, arts and social sciences.
- Secondary Stage ( total 4 years ): Age 14-18 – Class 9,10,11,12, Multidisciplinary study, critical thinking and flexible to choose subjects.
3. Focus on Vocational studies in school-level:
Vocational works like Welding, Electrician, Plumbing, Web Designer, Carpentry, Network administration, Nursing aids, Cook, Paramedics, etc are considered as a low-level job in India in their minds only and that’s why one student can only have choose the ” Doctor Engineer ” job. You can relate.
Now our government has set rules or make a curriculum where every child should have to learn at least one vocation and know other professions also. For example, in grades 6-8 they will be introduced to carpentry, electric work, metalwork, gardening, pottery making, etc.
They should do internships with local vocational experts and that time they will be on a 10-day bagless period. During 6-12 they will be exposed to various opportunities that allow students to know their skills in a very constructive and practical manner. The importance of as usual exams are also be reduced like now exams will be conducted in two parts only objective and descriptive which doesn’t promote the ” Ratta ” or ” Rote-Learning ” system students need to implement their thinking to pass an exam. Coding to be taught from class 6 and onwards now. I think this is a great step toward skill development.
4. Report Cards with self-assessment:
Previously students are assessed by the marks only by their teachers only.
PARAKH: Performance Assessment Review and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development. This will be the Report Card for a student where a student will be allowed to self assess their own marks or performance throughout the year, Not only them, other students will also be asked to evaluate one another performance. Really this is a great step, a student will never regret on their Report card
5. 6% of GDP will be funded in improving Education:
Currently around 3% of Indian GDP is funded for Educational Development.
Now finally a good percentage of GDP is going to improve the Educational System or Developing a skilled India. I think it will be solely used only to improve our Education System. Depends on the honesty of our Government regarding every worker. ( Sadly 0.06 was the GDP which is applied to our Research and Development purpose )
## After 12th:
- Multiple Entry-Exit Programme: After 12th if you choose to do B-tech in a particular stream and after a year you are not more interested in the subjects or course you have chosen, So your credits will not gonna waste it will be transferred to the next stream or degree you chose to have. And to be more elaborate if you dropout :
- After 1 year: Students will get a Certificate.
- After 2 year: Students will get a Diploma.
- After 3 year: Students will get a Bachelor’s Degree
- After 4 year: Students will get a Bachelor’s Research Degree
- MA and MSc courses will be for only 1 year if someone has done a four-year graduate course, and will be of 2 years if someone has done a three-year degree.
- New Education Policy 2020 allows 100+ foreign universities to open campuses in India. Which broads the approach of learning.
## For Teachers:
There will be a Common National Professional Standard for all the teachers by 2022 under this New Education Policy 2020, and a 4-year BEd will be enough for being a teacher by 2030.
Negative points to be considered in New Education Policy 2020:
- Clearly no medium of language is opposed to the students, the English language is not compulsory at all, a range of questions are asked and lots of debate is happening with this topic. The home language, local language, regional language are praised, I agree with it but there are a lot of flaws or problems because a lot of languages are there in India. It faces a lot of criticism. But point to be noted English is an international mode of language.
- Before implementing these rules or while making New Education Policy 2020 Government did not ask or get an opinion by the states, The government should ask or consult the states because it is a common and vital topic.
- A lot of criticism faced by this new policy regarding the practical implementation, Now if we see practically there is a lack of teachers or infrastructure to implement this new policy, – a lot of parents and teachers opinion.
The goal of education is not to increase the amount of knowledge but to create the possibilities for a child to invent and discover, to create men who are capable of doing new things.Jean Piaget
We keep moving forward, opening new doors, and doing new things, because we’re curious and curiosity keeps leading us down new paths.Walt Disney
I think the steps are good even very good and deserve respect. Every new thing takes time to be implemented and yes also gets criticism. I hope that the Government will use every rupee allotted honestly to our Education System, A lot of things is deepened on this. Hope everything will go fine because where there is a good thought or motive there is always win and positivity. Thanks for reading. Please check other sections in this blog also.
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