By Venkat Mangudi - IAF Tejas full size, CC BY-SA 2.0, Link

Why is National Technology Day celebrated on May 11 and 11 great achievements

In India on 11th May 1998 was first observed as National Technology Day.

This day is celebrated every year on the 11th of May on the occasion of India’s achievements in operation shakti and advancements in space technologies. History ahead…

# National Technology Day History:

On this day in 1998, at the Indian Army’s Pokhran Test Range in Rajasthan, India successfully tested the Shakti-I nuclear missile, Which is operated by our late president and an Aerospace Engineer Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.

In this specific day from Bengaluru, India also tested its first Indigenous Aircraft ‘Hansa-3’ and the Trishul Missile. After Two Days, the country successfully tested two more nuclear weapons as a part of the same Pokhran-II/Operation Shakti initiative. And after all these achievements Our Honorable Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee declared India as a nuclear country, which makes us 6th in position to join the Nuclear Club of Nations.

Every year the Technology Department Board of India celebrates the day by awarding individuals with national awards for their contribution to science and technology in India. 

Now you know why 11th May is celebrated as National Technology Day. So after this day how much India contributed every year to make this day memorable?

#Technological improvements in some years after 1998, National Technology Day: 

  • #1 Ice on Moon: On 18 November 2008, at the height of 100 km from the moon, the Impact probe was released from Chandrayaan-1. During its 25-minute descent, Chandra’s Altitudinal Composition Explorer (CHACE), it recorded the evidence of water in 650 mass spectra readings gathered during this time. And the next year on 24 September 2009 Science journal reported that the Chandrayaan-1 had detected water ice on the Moon.
  • #2 The Famous Universal Serial Bus ( USB ): In the year of 1995 Ajay Bhatt, USB inventor an Indian-born American computer architect invented the USB, the little port which transfers billions of data every day in today’s world. Ajay Bhatt even not made a single rupee with his invention.
Who invented USB National Technology Day
Image by 200 Degrees from Pixabay 
  • #3 Fibre Optic Cable: Narinder Singh Kapany is known as the “Father of Fiber Optics”, invented the first actual fiber optic cable based on John Tyndall’s experiments, in 1956. Without Fibre optical cable we will never think of the word ‘Internet’.
who invented fibre optics National Technology Day
Photo by Guillaume Meurice from Pexels
  • #4 104 Satellites in one go: On 15th February 2017 ISRO’s PSLV-C37 Successfully Launched 104 Satellites in a Single Flight, ( Of 104, three satellites belongs to India, while 96 satellites belong to the USA and one each from Israel, Kazakhstan, Netherlands, Switzerland, and UAE. ) Which broke the record of Russia and created a history.
104 satellites in one go National Technology Day
Image by WikiImages from Pixabay
  • #5 World’s Tiny Satellite: Rifath Sharook, an 18-year-old boy from Chennai, Tamil Nadu, had developed the world’s smallest and lightest satellite named as KALAMSAT V2 Which is named after, Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam, weighing only 64 g. And for the first time, The tiny satellite was launched by NASA in June 2017. It was flown by a Nasa sounding rocket and the lift-off was from the space agency’s Wallop Island facility in Virginia.
  • #6 The Mangalyaan mission: This is a mission that has been budgeted at 4.5bn rupees ($74m), which is very cheap in comparison with the western standards. This was a great achievement in space technology throughout the world, while other countries were failed in their first attempt.
Animation of Mars Orbiter Mission trajectory.gif National Technology Day
By Phoenix7777 – Own work Data source: HORIZONS System, JPL, NASA, CC BY-SA 4.0Link
  • #7 INSAT System: India’s INSAT system is one of the largest domestic communication satellite systems owned by any country in the Asia-Pacific region. This satellite initiated a major revolution in India’s communications sector. At present it is serving the crucial sectors of our economy, including telecommunication, education, and meteorology.
  • #8 Pentium Chip: Vinod Dham, an inventor, entrepreneur, is popularly known as the Father of the Pentium chip, for his contribution to the development of highly successful Pentium processors from Intel. He is the man behind the 60Mhz and 66Mhz chips which are a successor in its era.
pentium processors are developed by an indian National Technology Day
Photo by Pok Rie from Pexels
  •  #9 Bramhos Missile: India developed an indigenous seeker for Brahmos for the first time. World’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile, Brahmos, which marks a big achievement and breakthrough for the supersonic missile as this is the first time the country has developed a seeker for a missile of this strength and class.
bramhos missile National Technology Day
By, One half 3544 – Own work, Public Domain, Link
  • #10 PARAM, The Super Computer: PARAM is a series of supercomputers which is designed and assembled by the Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC) in Pune, India. The latest series of PARAM  is a supercomputer with the computational power of 850 TeraFlop with 1 PetaByte storage capacity. 
  • #11 TEJAS, the second supersonic fighter JET: It is developed by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) after the HAL HF-24 Marut. This aircraft has eight external hardpoints to carry stores, with three under each wing, one on the center fuselage, and one installed under the air intake on the port side. The finest achievement in Defence.

Conclusion:

This is just 11 achievements, there are thousands of achievements Indian have done in the past and there are thousands will have to earn in the future. I have learned the things mentioned in this blog while writing, Next National Technology Day will be more exciting.

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